EYE CARE: How to Protect Yourself From Getting Blind (Glaucoma)

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Glaucoma is not just one eye disease, but a group of eye conditions resulting in optic nerve damage, which may cause loss of vision
Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness in the United States. Glaucoma can damage your vision so gradually you may not notice any loss of vision until the disease is at an advanced stage. The most common type of glaucoma, primary open-angle glaucoma, has no noticeable signs or symptoms except gradual vision loss

SYMPTOMS
Primary open-angle glaucoma signs and symptoms include:
1.Gradual loss of peripheral vision, usually in both eyes
2.Tunnel vision in the advanced stages

Acute angle-closure glaucoma signs and symptoms include:
1.Eye pain
2.Nausea and vomiting (accompanying the severe eye pain)
3.Sudden onset of visual disturbance, often in low light
4.Blurred vision
5.Halos around lights
6.Reddening of the eye

If you have elevated intraocular pressure or glaucoma, follow these lifestyle tips.
1.Eat a healthy diet.Eating a healthy diet can help you maintain your health, but it won’t prevent glaucoma from worsening. Several vitamins and nutrients can contribute to improving your vision.
 
2.Exercise safely.Regular exercise may reduce eye pressure in open-angle glaucoma. Talk to your doctor about an appropriate exercise program.
 
3.Limit your caffeine.Drinking high amounts of caffeine may increase your eye pressure.
 
4.Sip fluids frequently.Drink only moderate amounts of fluids at any given time during a day. Drinking a quart or more of any liquid within a short period may temporarily increase eye pressure
 
Prevention
1.Get regular eye care.Regular comprehensive eye exams can help detect glaucoma in its early stages before irreversible damage occurs. As a general rule, have comprehensive eye exams every three to five years after age 40 and every year after age 60. You may need more frequent screening if you have glaucoma risk factors. Ask your doctor to recommend the right screening schedule for you.
 
2.Treat elevated eye pressure.Glaucoma eye drops can significantly reduce the risk that elevated eye pressure will progress to glaucoma. To be effective, these drops must regularly be taken even if you have no symptoms.
 
3.Eat a healthy diet.While eating a healthy diet won’t prevent glaucoma, it can improve your physical and mental health. It can also help you maintain a healthy weight and control your blood pressure.
 
4.Wear eye protection.Serious eye injuries can lead to glaucoma. Wear eye protection when you use power tools or play high-speed racket sports on enclosed courts. Also, wear hats and sunglasses if you spend time outside.

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